A medical check-up should be carried out periodically throughout your life because it ensures that your health is at its best at all times. This must be done regularly so that your family physician is aware of any changes in your body both externally and internally and recommend any treatment methods if required.
In most cases, your physician will recommend a routine check-up yearly and this is applicable to men of all ages with specific areas to be checked. By having a regular physical check-up on a regular basis, you can prevent any health problems from developing before it is too late to treat.
Points to consider:
The first thing you must do is to find a physician that you feel comfortable with and you feel that you can trust. Then you must ensure that you are having your regular check-ups with the same physician to ensure continuity and observation of your progress is possible.
Should you decide to change your physician, you must ensure that your new doctor obtains your past records from your previous one. This is because your physician will evaluate your condition and diagnose any problems based on your past health records and other symptoms that you have experienced previously.
Your physician should be aware of your lifestyle and diet practices on what you are lacking and taking and if you drink or smoke regularly, all of which will help to determine your condition.
In most check-ups, you will be evaluated based on your blood pressure, vision and hearing, lung health and others while there are certain types of specialized examination like colonoscopy which is to check for colorectal cancer cells and if needed, you will be referred to a specialist or surgeon for further treatment.
Preparing for your check-up
You will usually be advised not to take any solid food 12 hours before your scheduled check-up. This is to ensure that your doctor is able to obtain accurate readings of your blood pressure and other aspects.
In some cases, you might be asked to fast for 24 hours before the check-up especially when your doctor requires taking any urine or blood sample.
Types of Check-Ups
Blood Pressure – this is the most common type of diagnosis carried out by your physician. In every visit, you should have your blood pressure checked while your annual sessions should include a baseline that determines where your blood pressure should be.
As you grow older, your blood vessels might become stiffer and that is why your blood pressure would become higher naturally. As such, your doctor will advise you on changes in your diet or lifestyle. However, if you are diagnosed with any heart or cardiovascular problems, you might have to keep your blood pressure lower than a normal person and that is when medication could be prescribed.
Cholesterol – High cholesterol will naturally lead to high blood pressure. Your current diet and food intake will surely involve a lot of saturated foods and that is why our doctor will carry out a test to determine your cholesterol level. If it is too high, the doctor will recommend ways to regulate and reduce your cholesterol level because you might experience lipid disorder when your triglycerides are too high.
Prostate – It is very common for men in the 50s to experience enlargement in the prostate glands. If you are in your late 40s and entering your 50s, the physician will most likely carry out a prostate check where a gloved finger is inserted into the rectum to determine if the prostate is enlarged which could lead to prostate cancer due to benign enlargement. Meanwhile, a PSA (prostate specific antigen) blood test can be used to further determine if prostate cancer is occurring.
Colon and Rectum – Besides the prostate, men should have their colon and rectums checked for risk of colorectal cancer. This is when the doctor finds any precancerous polyps around these organs. If you are around the late 40s, a colonoscopy and screening tests will be carried out to determine this.
Obesity – Your doctor will check your weight and your weight to calculate your BMI (Body Mass Index) to determine if you are obese. It has been found that 6 out 10 adults today are either obese or in danger of being so.
Vision and Dental – Eye tests should be carried out by men who are 40 years old and above. As you age, you need to check if your vision health for glaucoma which is most common among those in this age group. Other conditions include cataracts, AMD (age-related macular degeneration) and diabetic retinopathy and if any corrective glasses are required.
An intraoral test will be carried out to check your teeth and gums. This includes the ducts, the lymph nodes of your neck and your salivary glands for any type of periodontal disease.
Recommendations for check-ups among men by age group
|20 years old and below||20 to 49 years old||50 and above|
|Eye Test||Once every 2 yearsIf you are wearing glasses; once every year||Once every 2 yearsIf you are wearing glasses; once every year||Once every yearIf you are experiencing blurred vision, then as and when required.|
|Dental Test||Once every 6 months||Once every 6 months or more frequent if required||Once every 6 months or more frequent if required|
|Physical Examination||Once every 3 years and should include:Blood PressureUrine Test
Quantitative Blood Test
|Once every 2 years.||Once every year|
|Blood Pressure||Once every 3 years||Once every year if you are in your 20s and 30sOnce every 6 months if you are between your 30s and late 40s||Once every 3 months|
|Cholesterol Check||Once every 3 years||Once every year||Once every year|
|Colon and Rectal Exam||Not required unless advised by your doctor||Once every 3 years before 40.After 40, once every year||Once every 1 and a half yearsCheck for prostate specific antigen|
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