If you are a sexually active person, then you should be aware that sexually transmitted diseases or STDs are quite common. Unless you change your lifestyle and sexual preferences totally, it would be good to go for checkups and know what types of STD testing before it is too late.
Who needs to go for STD tests?
The rule of thumb is that people who are sexually active, especially if you have multiple partners should go for STD tests even if you use protection. There are several types of STDs which could be contracted by women and men or both.
Why should you go for STD tests?
The main reason that you should go STD test is because a lot of such diseases can be transmitted without you knowing. There are certain types of STDs that do not have clear or obvious symptoms. So, if you have been going leading such lifestyles, then it would be ideal to check before it is too late to cure.
What you should know
There are several types of STD tests and it depends on your age and sexual behavior. For women, going for a Pap Smear or Pap Test does not constitute to checking for STDs. You will need to tell your doctor or your gynecologist that you want to have a screening for STD.
Types of STD Tests
|Chlamydia and gonorrhea||Below 25 and sexually active||If you have sex with other men||Usually done through a urine test
A swab is used on the cervix for women and penis for men
The sample is then sent to a lab for further testing.
|Above 25 and have multiple sexual partners||If you have HIV|
|HIV and syphilis
|Any age if you have been tested positive for any other STDs||Any age if you have been tested positive for any other STDs||Blood samples are taken and then sent for analysis
|If you have unprotected sex||If you have unprotected sex with either another woman or man|
|Not applicable for women||Any adult men who have unprotected sex or multiple partners||Tissue scraping is taken by your doctor and then sent for examination.
Blood test is used to check if you have herpes infection.
|HPV||Women between 21 and 65 years old who are sexually active||Not applicable for men||Usually done in a Pap Smear or Pap Test where your gynecologist will be scrap samples for testing in the lab|
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