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Gastric

Gastric

Gastric is a common problem among many people across the world today. It is often called gastritis although the common person will call it simply as ‘gastric’. A person with gastric pain is often described to have pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen and this can sometimes be excruciating. While many would discount this as a minor problem, it can sometimes lead to more serious conditions including stomach cancer which can be fatal.

Prevalence
It must be noted that gastric can happen to anyone at any age. It can be more prevalent among adults and teenagers especially if they are not eating regularly. In most cases, a person will get gastric problems when there is too much eating disorder. At times, it is being regarded as ‘having gas’ or ‘wind’ in the stomach areas. This is actually a type of chemical reaction in the stomach which will cause a lot of discomfort and pain.

Prevention
The best way to prevent gastric pain is to practice a regular diet habit. This means that you can actually prevent gastric pain simply by changing your lifestyle. If necessary, you should eat smaller portions during your meals but you can eat more frequently. Gastric often comes from indigestion which means that you should not burden your digestive system. If you have this problem, then you should spread out your daily meals to 5 to 6 times daily instead of the usual 3 meals per day. Try to reduce or if possible avoid taking foods that can irritate your bowels like spicy and fried food. Alcohol has been linked with gastric because it can weaken your protective lining in your stomach while aggravating any ulcers that occur.

Diagnosis
In diagnosing for gastric, your family doctor will usually check with you what the symptoms are. If it is a lot of ‘wind’ you experience, then your doctor should be able to treat you using standard procedures and medication. However, gastric can sometimes be very serious where the doctor might have to check your abdomen further. This is where the doctor will ‘feel’ your abdomen to check for any abnormality which could mean that you might need further treatment and diagnosis.

Symptoms
Symptoms of gastric pain can range from mild to extremely painful. In fact, there are some patients who do not experience any symptoms at all. However, people with this condition will often experience nausea and an upset stomach that won’t go away despite taking all types of medicine. Besides that, if you often feel pain in the abdomen for no apparent reason and bloating around these areas, then chances are you might have gastric problems. The common symptoms related to indigestion could be signs of this condition as well like heartburns, vomiting, diarrhea and constant hiccups. Apart from that, if you feel a gnawing feeling in the stomach in between meals or more prominently during the night, then these could be signs as well.

Specialists
For any type of stomach ache or pains, the first person you should consult must be your family physician. This is because you need to be diagnosed in terms of the seriousness of the problem. Your doctor will feel your abdomen to determine if there are any abnormalities. If there is, then you must be treated by a specialist. This would usually involve consultation with the Gastroenterologist. A gastroenterologist is a doctor who is highly trained in the treating of problems with the digestive system or sometimes referred to as the gastrointestinal tract in which they can carry out procedures related ot the intestines, stomach, colon and other areas.

Medication
There are many types of medication used to treat patients with gastric pain. Charcoal pills are sometimes used which can be bought at pharmacies. Besides that, you could be given antacids which can help to relief heartburn and cure indigestion. This type of medication is known as aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide while you could be given Aztreonam which is a type of antibiotic and given if you have a serious infection in the urinary tract areas. Dexlansoprazole is prescribed to patients with heartburn caused by GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease and if you have a more serious condition of gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer, you could be given a proton pump inhibitor like Lansoprazole.

Home Remedies
While you need to be on medication to cure gastric pain, there are several home remedies you can practice to relieve the discomfort. A cup of chamomile tea can help because of its anti-inflammation properties. Chamomile tea can relax the muscle of the upper digestive track while you can use a ‘hot pack’ to be placed on the abdomen area while lying down. Rice water can help to relieve inflammation and this is the water you keep after washing the rice before cooking. Where possible, you should use warm lemon water that helps to break down your food and aid in the digestion process. Ginger has often been known as a superfood and if you have gastric problems, you can drink ginger root tea as they contain gingerols which helps to relax your stomach muscles.

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References
http://www.healthxchange.com.sg/healthyliving/SpecialFocus/Pages/Gastric-Pain-Treatment-and-Prevention-Tips.aspx
http://www.healthcommunities.com/general-gi-symptoms/what-is-a-gastroenterologist.shtml