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Kidney Stones

Kidney Stones

As the name implies, kidney stone is when there is literally a stone found in the kidney. This is as factual as it is where the main issue is how the stone came about. When a kidney stone is found, it is usually a hard, crystallized mineral that was formed internally within the kidney or the urinary tract of the human body. It is a known health-related problem which is sometimes referred to as the renal calculi. When one is having kidney stones, it is called nephrolithiasis and urolithiasis happens when stones are found in any location of the urinary tract.

Kidney stones can happen to anyone who is healthy while they are commonly found within people with certain types of health conditions or diseases. However, among the genders, kidney stones are more prone to happen to men than women and are most common among people within the 20 to 50 years old age group. One of the notably factors you should be aware of is that a person who had developed more than 1 kidney stone previously will be prone to developing more in the future which means that remedial or preventive measures must be taken.

This health problem happens when there is an excessive amount of stone-forming substances in the urine where the most common type are those that contains calcium with either phosphate or oxalate minerals. It has been reported that about 75% of kidney stones cases reported are were calcium stones.

The kidney stones problem tends to happen with people who are always dehydrated with no adequate replacement of fluid within the body. Stone formation will happen when there is constant obstruction to the flow of urine within the body. This is the very reason why people in tropical and hot countries are more prone to kidney stones as they need to constantly rehydrate their bodies.

One of the biggest problems faced by people in terms of kidney stones is that there are no obvious symptoms. It can come as an attack to the low back or lower part of the body. To treat this problem, it will require a full medical check-up and medication to help. Supplements that help with liver functions and efficiency will be ideal as well. The person must ensure that the body is constantly hydrated and when there is excessive discharge of fluids like sweating and such, they must be replenished and replaced as soon as possible.

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Specialists
If you start experiencing problems when urinating like pain or blood, then you must seek immediate treatment from your regular doctor. Besides that, symptoms like pain in the sides and such should be referred to your physician as well who will then determine if you need further treatment from a specialist. This is where you might be referred to an Urologist who is an expert in the treating of problems with the urinary system and other related disorders.

Symptoms
When you have a problem with your kidney, the symptoms are quite clear. You will start experiencing pain on the sides of your body, abdomen, genitals and groin areas. This pain could come and go which can happen in waves and worsen as it progress. If you have blood in your urine or have any signs of urinary tract infection, then you could be at risk. Other signs include pain or burning when you urinate while you could experience any sort of vomiting or nausea. Besides that, a person with kidney stones could have chills and fever as well as diarrhoea with irregular bowel movements.

Medication
If you have kidney stones, you can buy over-the-counter medication like NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) which are generally pain killers. However, if your condition is quite serious, your doctor might have to prescribe certain drugs. Calcium stones preventive drugs like Orthophosphate and Potassium citrate are among the common ones while you might be prescribed to take Allopurinol and Sodium bicarbonate to prevent uric acid stones. Other types of treatment for kidney stones include ESWL or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy and PCNL (percutaneous nephrolithotomy).

Home remedies
If you are diagnosed with kidney stones, you will have to seriously changing your diet habits. Home remedies can be applied to facilitate the recover process where you can use a combination of lemon juice, olive oil and apple cider vinegar mixed with water. Meanwhile, you can use Uva Ursi which helps to fight infection in the kidney while cleansing your urinary tract. The Dandelion Root can be used as well as kidney beans which have been used in many types of traditional and alternative medicine to treat this disease. Besides that, you can use horsetail, pomegranate juice, celery while practicing a high magnesium diet which will help to expedite the curing process of kidney stones.

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References
http://www.webmd.com/kidney-stones/kidney-stones-when-to-call-a-doctor
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/kidney_stones-health/page6_em.htm
http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/stones_ez/