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Sinus

Sinus

Sinus is often confused with the common cold like influenza. Short for sinusitis, it is actually an infection of the sinuses by bacteria or a certain type of virus.

Prevalence
Sinus can occur in a variety of ways. Sinuses are actually spaces in the skull, usually around the nasal bones and behind the forehead which become inflamed. When this happen, the small hairs known as cilia is not able to move mucus out efficiently which will then cause wheezing and sneezing. Colds and allergies are other known causes of this disease. Sinus is most prevalent in countries where air quality is less than desired and can occur to anyone. There are a few major types of sinuses namely acute which occurs every once a while or chronic which is more long term.

Prevention
The best way to prevent sinus is to find out what the person is allergic to. It can be dust, cold weather or heat and many other reasons. Apart from that, the person should have a strong immune system which must be maintained over time.

Diagnosis
There are no specific medications which are used to treat sinuses although there are long-term medicines which can be taken. The doctor will usually prescribe specific courses of antibiotics when the symptoms are too severe.

Specialists
Your regular family doctor will be more than qualified to treat you for the usual sinus condition. The doctor is able to prescribe standard medications like antibiotics that can relieve your sinus very quickly. Depending on the seriousness of your sinus, visiting the family doctor would be enough but if your condition is more serious than it seems, then you will need to seek further treatment. This is where you might be referred to a ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) specialists, otherwise known as an otolaryngologist who will be able to treat your condition. If your sinusitis is caused by a rare complication or allergy, you might have to see an infectious disease specialist.

Symptoms
As sinus occurs around your nose and your respiratory system, the clear symptoms of this condition are in your breathing. If you keep getting coughs which goes on for more than 2 weeks, then it could be an early sign of sinus. Meanwhile, constant pressure behind the eyes and the cheeks particularly in the sinus areas could be an indication as well. Other signs include a headache which goes on for a prolonged period of time, dizziness that occur when you shift your position suddenly, fever and fatigue as well as constant wheezing. It has been found that patients with sinus do experience bad breath as well.

Medication
If your sinus condition is caused by bacteria, then your doctor will prescribe antibiotics like cefdinir or amoxicillin which would clear the blockage very easily. Besides that, you could be given decongestants which you need to take to reduce the swelling of the mucous membranes around the nose. This includes phenylephrine and oxymetazoline while you might be given analgesics like ibuprofen which are basically pain relievers. To clear the inflammation around the nasal passages, medication like corticosteroids could be used.

Home Remedies
Bromelain is available as a health supplement and can be taken to help you recover from sinus. This type of protein is found in pineapple stems and is used for its ability to reduce swelling while it has been found to expedite the recovery process of sinus among patients. Besides that, you can take a steam bath as it helps to clear the airways. Drink lots of water while spicy foods are known to help as well. If possible, use a warm compress to maintain the moist in the nasal tissues.

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References
http://www.webmd.com/allergies/tc/sinusitis-medications
http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20466430,00.html