Types of Diseases

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

One of the top killers of women today is cervical cancer. When cancer cells develop around the cervix areas, the condition becomes dangerous. This is where cancer cells start to grow around the lower part of the uterus which is connected to the vagina where most of the cause starts from.

Prevalence
There are several causes of cervical cancer. One of the common sexually transmitted infection like the HPV or human papilomavirus is known to be a major cause of this disease. If a woman has HPV, the immune system will prevent the virus from causing any harm to the body. However, because the virus maintains in the body, it can create a process where the cells will grow on the cervix’s surface. This will then develop into cancer cells which means that women who has HPV are at the highest risk of cervical cancer.

Prevention
Cervical cancer, like any other types of cancer can be avoided if you maintain a healthy lifestyle. Cancer cells will only develop if you have been doing something wrong with your body for a prolonged period of time. As HPV is one of the primary causes of cervical cancer, you should ensure that proper vaccination against HPV should be obtained. This should be more prominent if you are a sexually active person. Besides that, pap tests should be carried out on schedule. This will help the doctor to determine if there is unusual growth or cancerous cells around the cervix areas. You should not smoke and maintain a healthy diet while practicing safe sex with fewer partners would reduce your risk of cervical cancer considerably

Diagnosis
The screening process carried out during a routine pap test will give your doctor early indications of cervical cancer. More elaborate tests like a HPV DNA test might be carried out where cells from the cervix are being collected to check for infection of this disease. If your doctor suspects that you might have cervical cancer, then a more thorough examination might be required where a colposcope is used to magnify the image to check for any growth of cells which are abnormal. During diagnosis, punch biopsy might be used while the doctor could use a endocervical curettage while imaging tests like CT Scancs and MRIs are used for further determination of your condition.

Symptoms
During the early stages of cervical cancer, you might not experience any distinct symptoms where they will become more apparent when your condition progresses. If you start to experience vaginal bleeding during or after intercourse or watery vaginal discharged with a foul odour, then it could be symptoms of this condition. Besides, that any sort of pain in the pelvis during intercourse or out of the norm could be signs of this condition as well. Other symptoms include sudden change in your menstrual cycle, backaches or pain that is unusual and urinary problems.

Specialists
If you have cervical cancer, your family physician might not have the expertise to treat you. In most cases, you should report your condition or any symptoms to your gynaecologist who will then advise you on the next course of action. Through the diagnosis and tests carried out, you will then be referred to a gynaecologic oncologist who is a specialist in the treating of cancers in gynaecologic areas. This is the doctor who will observe you through the entire treatment process including carrying out advanced surgery where required and radiation therapy or chemotherapy where applicable. Besides that, you could be treated by a Pathologist who is trained to determine if your cells are normal while the radiation oncologist specializes in using radiation therapy to treat cancer. A radiologist meanwhile could be called in if x-rays or other imaging tests are required.

Medication
The treatment and medication used to treat cervical cancer can be quite similar to other forms of cancer. After consultation and recommendation from your surgeon, you might be required to undergo a hysterectomy where the entire cervix and uterus are removed. This will then remove the cancer along and is usually carried out during the early stages of this disease. In more serious conditions, a radical hysterectomy could be carried out while radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams like x-rays to kill the cancer cells. Another common medication method is the use of chemotherapy where cancer medications are injected to eliminate the growth of cancer cells.

Home Remedies
If you are diagnosed with cervical cancer and have been undergoing treatment for your condition, you will need to take careful steps to facilitate your healing process. Your diet must be watched closely where you will need a lot of fat-soluble vitamin like Vitamin A which will protect your cervix from free radicals that can detriment your condition further. You should ensure that your body gets a lot of Vitamin B2 or riboflavin known to prevent cancer cells from developing. The Cat’s Claw is another nutrient that can help to strengthen your immune system while protecting your body from infections that can aid in the growing of cancer cells. Another home remedy you can use is turmeric that can reduce inflammation in the cervix and is known to be a healing food for HPV.

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References
http://www.sharecare.com/health/cervical-cancer-treatment/what-doctors-treat-cervical-cancer
http://www.naturalnews.com/045396_cervical_cancer_curcumin_disease_prevention.html
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cervical-cancer/basics/treatment/con-20030522