Basic first aid can save lives. In an emergency, what you know and what you can do will make a difference in keeping the person alive. One of the techniques that everyone should know is CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
This lifesaving technique is used in all types of emergencies which occur because the victim stopped breathing or if the heartbeat had stopped for any reason. Trained medical personnel would know CPR while it should be learnt by untrained bystanders as well because you will never know when a heart attack or stroke occurs or when someone drowns.
Basics to CPR
CPR is often referred to as mouth-to-mouth resuscitation although it might not be required in every situation. CPR is quite standard and can be applied to adults, children and even infants but NOT for newborns.
Untrained – If you fall under this category, you should only provide hand-son CPR and not try to do rescue breathing which can be very risky. You should do uninterrupted chest compressions of about 100 per minute until the professionals arrive.
Trained – If you are trained in CPR and know you can do the job, then start with 30 chest compressions before checking the airway and then you can proceed to rescue breathing.
Trained but not confident – Do about 100 per minute chest compressions if you know the technique but not confident of carrying it out.
The C-A-B practice
The C-A-B practice is the most recommended method for CPR. It stands for Circulation, Airway, Breathing.
Circulation – This is where you use chest compressions to try and restore blood circulation. As mentioned, you will need to do this for 100 times per minute until paramedics arrive if you are not trained or not confident of CPR.
Airway – This step is to open the person’s airway by using the head-tilt and chin-lift maneuver which must only be performed by someone who is trained in CPR. You can do this after performing 30 chest compressions where you will need to perform mouth-to-mouth procedure if the person is not breathing normally.
Breathing – In the third stage, you will need to breathe for the person. Rescue breathing is where you perform mouth-to-mouth breathing for the victim. In situations where the mouth cannot be opened due to any reasons, you need to perform mouth-to-nose breathing.
CPR is a technique that can save lives and you need to learn the proper techniques before performing it. So, if you think it is something that you must know, then take the time to learn it from an accredited first-aid instructor.