Types of Diseases

Tuberculosis – the cough that kills Malaysians

Tuberculosis picture

When you are having a cough that has been around for a few weeks which does not seem to get any better, perhaps you should think and seriously consider getting professional medical help. This is because a cough could lead to more problematic situations and in more serious conditions, lead to tuberculosis which in short is more popularly known as TB.

In Malaysia, TB is one of the most commonly known health-problems. In fact, it is among the top 10 killer diseases in Malaysia. According to WHO (World Health Organisation), the year 2010 recorded 4,061 deaths which constitutes 3.97% of the total deaths in the country. This makes TB the sixth highest killer ahead of diabetes and kidney diseases.

With such a high rate of fatalities reported, TB cannot be taken lightly. In fact, the density of people in the cities and towns of Malaysia are the main cause that TB is contracted. This is because TB is an easily contagious disease. It is caused by a bacterium known as the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.

When a person’s lung is affected by the bacterium, it will cause more problems in other internal systems like the central nervous system, the circulatory system and others, causing a lot of health-related uneasiness that include asthma. What actually happens is that the bacterium will ‘consume’ your body from inside. This bacterium is very strong where it can multiply itself within the lungs that will then lead to pneumonia, which is the second top killer in Malaysia.

The body usually has the agents to fight the bacteria but when this fails, the bacteria will attack other places like the kidney and bones that will cause the body system to shut down, eventually leading to death.

The biggest problem with TB is that this bacterium exists in the air and will infect the internal system once the person breathes them in. The only way to stop the germ from causing damage in the system is to have a strong immune system which will mobilize and destroy the bacteria as soon as it enters the body.

As mentioned, TB is contagious and can exist in the air. Therefore, the best way to minimize this risk is to avoid places with large crowds and where the overall hygiene is low. This include places where there are clogged drains or rivers, forests while there could be carriers from other countries of high TB risks who travel into the country as well.